User Tools

Site Tools


Booting From Usb Otg Port

About this Article


Here we provide a simple way to boot linux from USB OTG port. It's very useful when our system damaged somehow, and we can fix it if we could access to the storeage, e.g. nand, sata, or SD Card.

Host Enviroment

Ubuntu 12.04 x86_64


Download all we need

$tar -zxvf usbboot-fel.tar.gz

to check the md5sum(optional)

$ md5sum usbboot-fel.tar.gz
 f09f92833dc419207c7c9cd71ad65cc4  usbboot-fel.tar.gz
$ cat usbboot-fel.tar.gz.md5 
 f09f92833dc419207c7c9cd71ad65cc4  usbboot-fel.tar.gz

Enter FEL Mode

FEL is a low-level subroutine containing in the BootROM on allwinner devices. It is used for provisioning and recovery of devices using USB. When the chip goes to FEL mode, the chip will be waiting for communication from PC though USB. The primary purpose for FEL is for flashing the NAND with the PC tool LiveSuit. For more detailed please refer to FEL MODE

To enter FEL mode here:

  1. Power off the device
  2. Press and hold FEL key
  3. Press and hold power key for about 2s (power on the device, when powering on, if a key is pressed, the devices will not boot until key released)

After entering FEL mode, we suggest you to plug in AC adapter if you have SATA drive on board, avoiding low current from USB.

Upload Images

$cd usbboot-fel
$ ./usb-boot ./u-boot-spl.bin ./u-boot.bin ./uImage ./script.bin ./initramfs.img 
fel write 0x2000 ./u-boot-spl.bin
fel exe 0x2000
fel write 0x4a000000 ./u-boot.bin
fel write 0x41000000 ./bin/ramboot.scr
fel write 0x43000000 ./script.bin
fel write 0x44000000 ./uImage
fel write 0x4c000000 ./initramfs.img
fel exe 0x4a000000


  • Setting GMAC
  • default user and password
  • Change to VGA output
 $cd usbboot-fel/
 $ ls  bin2fex   fel       fex2bin  initramfs.img  pio         u-boot.bin      uImage
 bin              bootinfo  fel-gpio  fexc     nand-part      script.bin  u-boot-spl.bin  usb-boot
 ./bin2fex script.bin 1.fex
   fexc-bin: script.bin: version: 0.1.2
   fexc-bin: script.bin: size: 46472 (85 sections)
 vim 1.fex (here change the output type
 ./fex2bin 1.fex script.bin


Replace fel/usb-boot

The fel/usb-boot in this manual is X86_64bit version. If you want to use it under I386 or even arm platform, you need to compile the tools by yourself. fel/usb-boot are part of sunxi-tools, and the latest source code can be found at

  • Getting Source Code
$git clone git://
  • Compiling
$cd sunxi-tools

and then replace the tools with the one you built


See Also

tutorials/ct1/development/booting_from_usb_otg_port.txt · Last modified: 2014/11/19 11:53 by admin